Ultra Filtration Plants
Ultra Filtration Plant for Community
Filtration Plants serve as a common utility for providing drinking water filter to the community, especially in urban and rural areas where municipal water supplies are often contaminated. Due to the lack of access to pure and clean drinking water, it has become a leading cause of growing diseases in our country. Now Government has realized the fact and started installing Filtration Plant in different locations for the general public. Most of the housing societies have Filtration Plants for their residents. Ultrafiltration Plant provides purified water supply to the community at a very nominal running cost.
Benefits of Community Filtration Plant
- Provide Pure Drinking Water Free From Contamination.
- Energizes healthy life
- Protect from water born diseases
- Cost-effective solution
- Easy Maintenance
Whole House Water Filter Plant
The water supply at home, whether from the municipality or a bore, frequently contains various physical and chemical impurities. These impurities can be observed by examining the water storage tank, which often accumulates a significant amount of dirt. At times, these dirt particles can also be visible in the water taps. To address this issue, the solution lies in the implementation of a Whole House Filtration Plant. This plant incorporates four stages of water cleaning and purification, ensuring comprehensive filtration throughout the entire household water supply.
- 1st stage Sand Filter: the Whole House Filtration Plant eliminates solid particles such as sand, dust, rust, or any other physical particles present in the water.
- 2nd Stage Activated Carbon Filter: Whole House Filtration Plants remove physical particles and chemical impurities from water.
- 3rd Stage Five Micron Filter: removes particles up to 5 micron.
- 4th Stage One Micron Filter: removes particles up to 1 micron.
Commercial Water Filter Plants
Therefore, commercial buildings like hotels, restaurants, resorts, public places, and condominiums rely on and use Filtration plants to eliminate dust, rust, fungus, physical, and chemical impurities from water, ensuring the delivery of pure water. Moreover, water Engineering Technologies offers a complete range of tailor-made, commercially designed Filtration Plants that are based on the specific requirements of our valued customers.
Industrial Water Filter Plant
Filtration is crucial in every industry to remove contaminants from water and ensure smooth functionality. Moreover, various steps, including sand filters, carbon filters, water softeners, and screen filters, are employed for effective water purification. However, water Engineering Technologies offers a variety of filtration equipment for industrial applications in Pakistan.
Ultra Filtration Plant Components
The Ultra Filtration Plant removes physical, chemical, and biological impurities from raw or tap water, making it suitable for drinking. It offers different types based on specific needs, requirements, and the condition of the raw water. A fully loaded Ultra Filtration Plant includes multiple steps, each with its own detailed process.
Additionally, an Ultra Filtration Plant begins with a stainless steel construction horizontal centrifugal type pump, which feeds raw water into the system. Furthermore, the source of raw water can be municipal or bore well, directly supplied or stored in a tank.
In the Ultra Filtration Plant, the raw water goes into the Sand Filter, which acts as the first stage filter. Therefore, the Sand Filter eliminates physical particles and turbidity up to 20 microns in size. Moreover, water flows through these stages, and the sand layers trap physical impurities. Consequently, suspended particles settle at the bottom of the Sand Vessel and require periodic backwashing, typically performed two to three times a week, for their removal.
Water Treatment Process
Sand Filtration and Ultra Filtration Plants treat groundwater by removing dissolved iron. Additionally, aeration oxidizes iron and manganese, trapping them in the sand filter. Periodic backwashing with water ensures satisfactory performance of the plant.
The Activated Carbon Filter in the Ultra Filtration Plant effectively removes organic impurities, chemicals, chlorine, insecticides, pesticides, herbicides, and unpleasant taste and odor from the water. Moreover, it achieves this through the use of “Granular Activated Carbon” media. Regular cleaning, including backwashing and rinsing, is necessary to prevent blockage. Hence, to ensure optimal performance, the carbon media is replaced every two years.
The Ultra Filtration Plant incorporates micron filters after the Sand and Activated Carbon Filters for further purification. Two filters, with ratings of 5 and 1 micron, are typically used to remove tiny particles from the water. Additionally, a 0.2 micron cartridge is available, requiring periodic replacement.
Ultra Filtration (UF) effectively eliminates colloidal particles (0.001 to 0.1 microns) and some larger dissolved contaminants from water. Therefore, the size of the pores in the UF membrane determines the type and size of contaminants removed, ranging from 0.005 to 0.1 micron. The UF membrane prevents nearly all compounds from passing through it.
Pore Sizes: Ultra vs. Micro Filtration
Additionally, ultra Filtration filter: 0.01 micron pore size. Microfiltration filter: 0.1 micron pore size. Microfiltration removes microorganisms, viruses remain. Ultrafiltration removes larger particles, may remove some viruses.
Ultra Filtration (UF): Purity and Low Silt Density
Furthermore, utilizes hydrostatic pressure to drive water through a semi-permeable membrane, similar to Reverse Osmosis. UF acts as a pressure-driven barrier, effectively removing suspended solids, bacteria, viruses, endotoxins, and other pathogens. This process results in water of high purity and low silt density.
Hence, separates solids and high molecular weight solutes from water using hydrostatic pressure. It allows water and low molecular weight solutes to pass through a membrane. Therefore, UF is similar to reverse osmosis, microfiltration, and nano filtration, but retains molecules based on their size.
The 6th stage of the Ultra Filtration Plant is UV sterilizer, which is a widely used technology for disinfecting water from viruses and bacteria globally. Therefore, UV sterilization utilizes germicidal rays, similar to the sun but much stronger, providing a reliable, cost-effective, and environmentally friendly alternative to chemical disinfection. Unlike chemical processes, UV sterilization is purely a physical process that does not alter water’s chemistry, taste, smell, or pH.
In the Ultra Filtration Plant, water flows through a stainless steel chamber containing an Ultraviolet Lamp fixed within a quartz sleeve. Moreover, the Ultraviolet light passes through the water, effectively disinfecting viruses and bacteria.